Local Kandos historian, Colleen O’Sullivan, has announced the launch of a new website to promote the town of Kandos and provide a forum for its history.
The website, Kandos History, can be found at kandoshistory.com.
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Local Kandos historian, Colleen O’Sullivan, has announced the launch of a new website to promote the town of Kandos and provide a forum for its history.
The website, Kandos History, can be found at kandoshistory.com.
The Keech family from the Rylstone property “Drayton” are celebrating 150 years of continuous family ownership. Situated in the locality of Camboon, around 10 kms north-west of town, fourth generation owner Greg Keech lives on the property with his mother Nita who is 95 years old and who, with her late husband Frank Keech, were the previous owners. The property was originally selected by William Keech in 1867.
William bought the first 50 acres of his property from the government on the proviso that he could not purchase any more land until he had removed all the trees except for a few in one corner for shade. He eventually increased his holding to around 1400 acres.
Over the four generations there have been three homes built on the property. The first was demolished, the second was removed and located to the property “Camp Hill” nearby and the third was built around 1926.
Source: Mudgee Guardian, internet article, http://www.mudgeeguardian.com.au/story/4403417/keeches-celebrating-150-years/?cs=981, accessed 19 January 2017.
This article was published in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 10, (MUP), 1986
George Roy William McDONALD (1883-1951), politician and businessman, was born on 29 January 1883 in Sydney, son of George McDONALD, Canadian-born contractor, and his wife Margaret Amy, née McNAMARA, from Brisbane. Known as Roy, he entered the public service in April 1898 and was deposition clerk, Broken Hill, before serving in Sydney and then as assistant clerk of petty sessions at Goulburn, Albury and Bathurst. In 1908 he resigned to become a land agent at Tamworth, and in 1911 moved his business to Sydney. In 1910, as Labor candidate, he was elected to the Legislative Assembly for Bingara, defeating the secretary for lands, S. W. MOORE. He proved to be highly critical of the Labor government’s land legislation: a move in 1914 to bar land agents from election to parliament seems to have been directed at him.
In 1915 McDONALD stated his support for conscription but, unwilling to give his reasons for not enlisting, had avoided participating in recruitment campaigns. He frequently condemned strikes where arbitration was available to workers. When he resigned his seat and Labor Party membership in 1916, R. J. STUART-ROBERTSON said he had never been a Labor man. McDONALD held Bingara as an Independent at the subsequent by-election and as a Nationalist in 1917. He was nominated to the Legislative Council in 1920.
McDONALD had repeatedly protested at attempts to dismiss from public office persons of German descent. In 1914 he had defended Dr August SCHEIDEL, naturalized since 1890, from critics seeking his internment; SCHEIDEL had reported slate and limestone deposits near Rylstone in which McDONALD acquired an interest. When Kandos Cement Co. Ltd was formed in 1919 to take over the cement works and colliery, McDONALD became a director and ceased to act as a land agent. He was also a director of Western Australian Portland Cement Co. Ltd and of the Southern Union General Insurance Co. of Australasia, and chairman of Carroll Musgrove Theatres Ltd and the New Caledonian Meat Co. Ltd. A founding vice-president of the National Roads and Motorists’ Association in 1924, he was a director of N.R.M.A. Insurance Ltd. He was later associated with several blue-metal quarrying enterprises, including the Brisbane Metal Quarries Ltd in which J. C. WATSON also invested. By 1928 Kandos Cement had extended its activities to New Zealand, but excess production led to its amalgamation with Australian Cement Ltd in 1929. As returns from cement and blue metals fell, he formed a company to buy the Imperial and Mount Victoria hotels.
Granted nine months leave from the Legislative Council in 1923, McDONALD married May Camille DEZARNAULDS, from New Caledonia, on 4 September at Woollahra. As well as overseeing his business interests, he studied law and on 26 August 1927 was admitted to the Bar. His political views narrowed to protection of his own business interests and he opposed most of Labor’s reforms. In 1930 he resigned and stood unsuccessfully for Barwon; later he contested the Federal seats of Wentworth (1940) and Gwydir (1946). When a quota system for Australian feature films was introduced in 1935 he led the opposition from distributors. On 12 August 1937 he was admitted as a solicitor and established the firm, G. R. W. McDONALD & Co.
On 28 July 1951 McDONALD died of cerebro-vascular disease at his Bellevue Hill residence and was cremated with Anglican rites. His wife and son survived him and inherited his estate, valued for probate at £28,588.
Source: Heather Radi, ‘McDonald, George Roy William (1883–1951)’, Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University, http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/mcdonald-george-roy-william-7337/text12735, published first in hardcopy 1986, accessed online 3 January 2017.
Image source: ‘The Hon. George Roy William MCDONALD (1883 – 1951)’, Parliament of New South Wales, https://www.parliament.nsw.gov.au/members/Pages/profiles/mcdonald_george-roy-william.aspx, accessed 3 January 2017.
INLAND Australia’s oldest two-storey convict barracks could tumble to the ground within two years unless the money is found to restore them.
The dilapidated two-storey barracks stand beside an 1820s homestead on historic Macquarie, between Bathurst and O’Connell.
The home and barracks were built by convict labour on 1000 acres of land granted by Governor Lachlan Macquarie to William Lawson for his role in crossing the Blue Mountains with Gregory Blaxland and William Charles Wentworth in 1813.
The barracks housed up to 28 convicts at a time until the 1850s and most remained in the district following emancipation as a condition of their release.
Many of today’s generational Bathurst families are direct descendants of those convicts.
Macquarie remained in the Lawson family until 1918 when it was sold to the McKibbin family.
Paul and Bonny Hennessy became just the third owners of the property in 2012 when they bought it with a commitment to restore it to its former glory.
Since then they have employed more than 250 tradespeople and labourers to work on the homestead as they slept in the shearers’ quarters out the back – without receiving a cent in government support.
“This property has great historical significance as the oldest farm this side of the Blue Mountains and it’s here due to the patronage of the father of Australia, Lachlan Macquarie, and the property carries his name.
“There remains a question over whether Macquarie ever came to the farm but I believe he did.
“We know he had been to The Grange [a short distance away] and there is an entry in his diary that says Lawson has a fine homestead and 200 acres of wheat, the best he had seen in any country in the world.”
Mr Hennessy said their situation highlighted the difficulty private owners faced “doing their bit” to retain and restore significant heritage items for the broader benefit of the community.
Even a conservation management plan for the site cost $50,000 and Mr Hennessy said he would appreciate financial support or fee relief from the tiers of government to help with the project.
With work on the homestead almost complete, Mr Hennessy’s focus is turning to restoring the barracks.
“The brickwork is the major problem and it is deteriorating rapidly,” he said.
“It’s possible the barracks have a life of less than two years before they are lost.
“In Bathurst we have wonderful sporting and cultural facilities but until recently our heritage assets have been overlooked.”
Mr Hennessy said he would like to see the barracks restored and converted to a convict museum to display many of the colonial artefacts they have found on the property, including farming tools, shoes and household items, along with a roll of names of the convicts who stayed there.
He said he would happily welcome school groups keen to learn more about colonial Australia.
“We [Mr and Mrs Hennessy] see ourselves as custodians of this property for future generations and we are fortunate to be in a position at our stage in life to put money into restoring what we can,” he said.
“But heritage buildings have just as much legitimacy as sporting and arts facilities when it comes to government support, and some would say more.
“As years go by there will be even more focus on the stories of convicts and this could become a major attraction for the region.”
(Source: Western Advocate, http://www.westernadvocate.com.au/story/4284699/owner-calls-for-government-support-to-restore-a-slice-of-history, accessed 13 November 2016)
Rylstone District Historical Society’s Cottage Museum has available copies of a book written by a former Rylstone resident Jack Turner and his daughter Jacqui Halpin. The book, called ‘A Long Way From Misery’ was inspired by Jack’s father’s stories which always began with “Down on Misery…” Misery was the farm his father grew up on.
The co-author Jack Turner was born in Rylstone in 1926, the eldest of 10 children. In his own words – “I never had an education – at least not one from a classroom. I got me education in the bush…”
His daughter Jacqui is a children’s author whose stories have won prizes. Her fathers’ knack for telling stories inspired her own love of storytelling.
A Long Way From Misery takes you on a rollicking journey through the Australia of yesteryear. It’s a great read and is available for just $20 at the Cottage Museum. It’s full of local history and memories, lots of photos. The Cottage Museum is open every Sunday from 10am to 3pm.
(Source: Mudgee Guardian, accessed 25 October 2016, http://www.mudgeeguardian.com.au/story/4037125/former-rylstone-resident-tells-tales-of-yesteryear-in-new-book/)
The popular Hill End Open Day enables visitors to access a number of unique gold rush buildings not normally open to the public. The combination of buildings available to view give a fascinating glimpse into the past life of a bustling, frenzied mining town.
In the boom year of 1872, Hill End claimed the second biggest population in the state, yet today it is but a sleepy remnant of its illustrious past.
Register at the Royal Hall where pioneering ancestors will gaze upon you, before heading out to visit St Paul’s Church, miners’ cottages (some now residencies and studios for visiting artists including the home of renowned artist Donald Friend), the Court House, School and La Paloma pottery. There is almost too much to see properly in one day, so come early!
Experience the ambiance of these incredible gold rush buildings set in the isolated landscape of the NSW Central Tablelands. Arrive by sealed roads from Mudgee or Bathurst and remember to always bring a jumper or jacket to Hill End as weather can cool down in mornings and afternoons.
Adult $25.00; Concession $18.00 – Bookings essential.
For further details and bookings Phone: (02) 6337 8306 or Email: HillEndOpenDay@yahoo.com.au
Aged 89 years
Family and friends are invited to attend Wallace’s Funeral Service to be
held in the Magnolia Chapel, Macquarie Park Crematorium, cnr of Plassey and Delhi Rds, Macquarie Park on TUESDAY (September 27th, 2016) at 1 pm.
Cremorne 9953 3379
The first men to enlist in the Australian Imperial Force (AIF) were sent not to Europe, as they had expected, but to Egypt for further training and to protect British interests in the Middle East and the Suez Canal. Australian soldiers wrote long letters home describing their adventures.
Sapper Ernest Charles Tubbenhauer, a printer who had worked for the Western Post before the war, wrote from the Mena Military Camp, Pyramids Valley, Egypt, on December 14, 1915, where he was with the 1st Division Engineers:
‘We are camped in the Valley of the Pyramids with two of the big Pyramids in sight. They are an enormous size – a wonderful piece of work…All the Australian troops except the Light Horse are camped out here. The Light Horse are camped on the other side of town. The New Zealanders are with them…The camp is like a huge town. It is laid out in streets and blocks and each battalion has a block…We have been making rifle ranges, building latrines, making roads, building mess rooms and a thousand and one jobs which are required in a big camp like this.’
Private James Charles (Charlie) Egan, of Wollar, wrote from Detail Base Camp in February, 1915:
‘It would be a good camp here were it not for the sand. There is not a single thing growing on the desert. It is nothing but a great sandy waste and it seems a pity to see miles and miles of country lying waste. It makes a good training ground, however. Walking through the heavy sand is good exercise and gives us a good appetite.’
“We’re not where we expected to land after all. Gracious me, we having a glorious experience.”
Private George Plows, a 19-year-old railway porter from Dunedoo, had settled into the daily routine:
‘We get up at 6am and have breakfast (or a slice of bread and butter and a cup of tea), and at 7am we go for a six hours’ march across the desert, in sand up to our ankles. We have dinner at 3pm and tea at 6.30, and often have to do a two hours’ march at night. It is winter here now, and the nights are very cold. It is fairly hot in the daytime. It is deadly when you look around and can only see sand for miles.’
After a month in Egypt, Rylstone farmer before the war, Private Kenneth Keech, training as a stretcher bearer with the Army Medical Corps, reported on the Australian soldiers’ progress.
‘There is no doubt about Australian fellows now for soldiers. As Sir Geo. Reid told us the other day, we’re like one big machine now. One time we used to drill like lost men. Training works wonders. The training I’m getting in nursing and first aid will never be awkward knowledge to carry.’
The Australian soldiers were the highest paid of any in the allied forces, something the Egyptian business people were quick to take notice of. Private Tubbenhauer wrote:
‘It was pay day today amongst the troops and the men have been paid right up to date. A big majority of men in our company are drawing their full money and drew from £8 to £14 a man and will spend every penny of it, so you can imagine the difference it makes to this place. However, I understand that the military authorities are only going to pay 2/ [shillings] a day limit while we are in Egypt. That means a lot of the men’s money will be kept in Australia as the men will only be able to draw 14 a week instead of 35/…We are getting a holiday on Xmas day, so after dinner I am going to do a bit of exploring in the native quarters of Cairo. There is a party of ten of us going to Cairo on donkeys. We have our promised leave till 11.15pm so are looking forward to a good time….
There is a lot of Mudgee boys here, Jack Collyer, Harry Collins, Horace Kear and lots of others. With me in the Engineers is a young chap from Gulgong (Alf O’Brien).’
Cairo traders went to great lengths to attract the Australian soldiers’ piastres, Private Egan reported.
‘All the restaurants and saloons have been renamed in Cairo, such as the Triple Entente Dining Room, the Allies Cafe. But the Australians seem to take precedence also, for everywhere you will see the names such as The Australian Bar, the Kangaroo Cafe, and the New Zealand Bar, and they have special prices for the Australians and the New Zealanders. If you happen to stop to look at anything displayed for sale, the shopkeeper will come out and say ‘Come Inside Australia, for Australia very Good’…If you go out to the Pyramids, the guides crowd around you calling out ‘Australia very good. Me show Australia. Australia plenty money.’ But it amused me to see the Wattle Blossom Bar in Cairo the other night. I have not seen the Waratah yet, but expect that it is stuck up somewhere in Cairo.’
Private Jack Colless, a railway porter from Mudgee, spent a Sunday off duty climbing to the top of the Cheops Pyramid with a mate, Harry Judd.
‘Now, as this place is 450 ft high, it took us a good while to reach the top. Of course, steps 2ft and 2ft 6in apart make the progress fairly easy. However, we reached it somehow. The top is a level of about 20 ft by 20ft, so there is heaps of room to walk about. The most beautiful panoramic view imaginable greeted us on arrival. On one side, we got a splendid view of our camp, which if the people of Australia could only see on paper, would be worth thousands. On another side are the remains of an ancient city, and natives are excavating for hidden treasure, also a number of tombs, which was a wonderful sight.’
Sapper Tubbenhauer, meanwhile, was brushing up on his ancient history:
‘I got away at 10 o’clock on one of our company bicycles and went to Cairo. First of all we visited the Zoo at Getzea (Giza) which is five miles from camp on the Cairo Road…Have read a lot about the ancient Egyptians and it was a treat to go through the Museum and spend the afternoon there, seeing stuff which is thousands of years old. I saw several mummies, including Ramses II, who according to the guide was ‘damn no good’.’
Some of the units had smuggled mascots into the camp, including George Plows’ 4th Battalion, C Company.
‘Some of our chaps had smuggled the little nanny goat we had at Kensington (Sydney) on to one of the horse boats and we have it here now. One of our chaps, when we were out on a long march, picked up a little pup and carried it in his knapsack for three hours. It is the pet of the company.
The 1st Division Engineers were finding ways to vary their diet, Sapper Tubbenhauer reported:
‘We were working today on a suspension bridge over one of the canals about three miles from camp. We also had a demonstration with gun cotton. We put 2oz of it in a tin and sunk it in the water and exploded it with electricity. The explosion killed a lot of fish. Some of them weighed a lb. We had a tip-top feed of fish for tea.’
Having seen the Pyramids, the Zoo and the Museum, by March, Private Keech was looking for new places to visit.
‘When I get leave tomorrow afternoon I will go through some of the following places which I am going to visit but it will take more one day to do the lot: School of Agriculture, Boy’s High School, Girl’s School and an immense brewery. I went through a cigarette factory yesterday, where 1,000,000 cigarettes are made daily from Turkish and Greek leaf.’
After four months in Egypt, the men were eager for action. Private George Plows, after completing a 15-hour march, wrote:
‘All the boys are sick of Egypt. It was all right at first but things are pretty stale here now.’
In April, 1915, the Mudgee Guardian published a short report under the headline: “Australians Gone Forward”.
‘A post card have been received from Mr E. Tubbenhauer, who is with the Australian Expeditionary Force abroad. It shows that the Australians have at last started from Egypt at the front – presumably for the Dardanelles region. The card reads simply; – “Nothing is to be written on this side except the date and signature of the sender. Sentences not required may be erased. If anything else is added the post card will be destroyed.” Ernest Tubbenhauer had written: I have received your letters dated January 14th and 24th. Letters follow at first opportunity. Ernest C. Tubbenhauer, Feb. 7th, 1915.’
Due to the time taken for letters to reach Australia, the letter was published on April 26, 1915, by which time, unbeknownst to Australians at home, Sapper Tubbenhauer and his fellow Anzacs were fighting for their lives on the beaches and cliffs of Gallipoli.
Source: Mudgee Guardian, website article, http://www.mudgeeguardian.com.au/story/3020538/the-road-to-gallipoli-the-anzacs-in-egypt/?cs=4131, accessed 2 August 2016.
Hill End Family History (in conjunction with Hill End & Tambaroora Gathering Group) are holding an Open Day in Hill End at the Royal Hall.
From: 11am – 4pm on Saturday, 27th August 2016
Come along and see what resources are available for researching your Hill End and Tambaroora ancestors. At its peak in the 1870, there were more than 7,000 people in this rich goldmining area, half way between Bathurst & Mudgee. They are not all in our cemeteries as many moved on to all parts of Australia. Was your ancestor one of them?
Speak with our enthusiastic volunteers who can help you along the journey.
2pm: Launch of the Hill End & Tambaroora Gathering Group’s updated website by Bathurst Mayor, Mr Gary Rush. The revamped website is now a goldmine of information, thanks to more than 2000 hours of work in transcribing old records by a keen group of volunteers.
3pm: “Captain Augustus Baker (Gus) Peirce: Steamboat Captain, Goldfields Entertainer, Miner and Artist”. During his stay in the Hill End district in 1872, Gus also spread his talents to Rylstone.
In an illustrated talk, Virginia Hollister, from Rylstone and District Historical Society, will explore the activities of one of the district’s lesser known, but more colourful and talented characters. In researching Augustus “Gus” Baker Peirce, who brought his Varieties Tent theatre to Hill End during these exciting goldrush period, Virginia was introduced to this multi-talented riverboat Captain who turned his hand to many undertakings including acting, mining, and surveying, and who often paid his bills with his artwork.
The conservation of one of his murals in Rylstone and the research into the artist brought many elements together beautifully for Virginia. With a love of history, art and photography, and of old buildings, she embarked on a great detective story in order to unravel the symbolism in the mural, only to be distracted by this fascinating American artist/entertainer/entrepreneur along the way. She will be sharing her research journey on this fascinating topic in her talk.
Further information: Hill End & Tambaroora Gathering Group
Dan Hatton and Helen Marsonet are working on publishing a book presenting all of the information from the Stitches in Time exhibition held in History Week 2015, and much more. The book will take a couple of years to produce but it is hoped that “Stitches in Time: stories from the 1915 Rylstone Autograph Quilt” will be completed in time for launching in History Week 2018 to coincide with the closing of WW1 centenary commemoration activities.
Descendants of the Leighton/Guthrie families are meeting for a family reunion on the weekend of September 24 and 25 in and around Lithgow, Running Stream, Rylstone and Kandos.
Mary Leighton (nee Elliott) born 1800 in Scotland (wife of David Leighton, Builder, born 1812 Scotland), died at Mudgee at 92 years of age in May 1892.
At that time she was reported as having 192 [sic] children, grandchildren and great grandchildren. Both Mary and David are buried at the cemetery in Running Stream.
Some of the family is known to have moved to Maitland, some to the Illawarra, and it is our belief that there could be a substantial number of descendants still west of the Blue Mountains in the Lithgow to Mudgee regions.
The extended family of the Grandchildren of David & Mary, ie descendants of Robert Alexander Leighton (1871–1955) and his wife Elizabeth Guthrie (1886-1972), will be travelling from Queensland, NSW & Victoria to attend the reunion.
They are seeking contact from any descendants or even old timers who may remember the Leightons/Guthries.
If you have an interest in, or knowledge of these families from the region, please get in touch by contacting Yvonne on 0403 706642.
Yvonne Toepfer (nee Leighton)
Source: Mudgee Guardian, news article, http://www.mudgeeguardian.com.au/story/4013318/calling-leighton-and-guthrie-descendants/?cs=1989, accessed 6 July 2016
From 30 August 2004:
Betty Edwards shut up shop at 11 am yesterday, ending her family’s 88-year history of keeping Rylstone up with the news.
Her mother, Hilda Yarrington, opened the newsagency as a 16-year-old in 1916 when most of the men around the Mudgee area had gone to fight in World War I.
“Mum paid 50 quid to buy the business from Mr Sampson. He was going to the Western front,” Mrs Edwards said. “She was too young so she had to go into partnership with her older sisters Pearl and Gladys … bought them out when she came of age.”
The newsagency wandered up and down Rylstone’s main drag, Louee Street, occupying five sites over the nine decades before Mrs Yarrington built her own shop in 1973. Over the years, the business diversified, adding a drapery, toys, books, records and anything else that was not available in the 15 or so other Louee Street establishments.
Mrs Yarrington was even canny enough to see a future in gambling. During World War II her shop was reputedly the first NSW newsagency to obtain a licence to sell lottery tickets.
Over the years, Rylstone’s town population stayed steady at about 800, with another 3000 living on properties in the area.
Mrs Yarrington, who was Miss Cooper, married Barney Yarrington in the 1920s. They had four daughters, who worked in the newsagency after school and at weekends.
Only one daughter stayed in town, Mrs Edwards, and she took over the newsagency when Mrs Yarrington died in 1987.
“Mum had a wonderful mind for business … and she and the shop went on to be such an important part of our community.”
Perhaps the biggest event to happen to the newsagency came a year after Mrs Yarrington’s death when Mrs Edwards opened an old shed that had been locked by her mother years before.
It contained a sort of lost inventory of Mrs Yarrington’s business, including a copy of the first Phantom comic (went on sale September 9, 1948, price sixpence), a 1950s wind-up Japanese robot and a wind-up 1913 Zulu ostrich cart.
“A real time capsule, it was,” Mrs Edwards said, “and we sold the lot for more than $10,000.”
A Blue Mountains couple, Doreen and Peter Shelley, take over the business from today.
Source: Sydney Morning Herald, newspaper article, http://www.smh.com.au/articles/2004/08/29/1093717838110.html, accessed 2 July 2016.
12th June – Open Day at Government House
The following is a message from the Governor, His Excellency General The Honourable David Hurley AC DSC (Ret’d),
On Sunday, 12 June 2016, Government House will open its doors for self-guided tours and Guides will be on hand to answer questions about this 170 year old residence. We also invite you to bring a picnic rug, pack your favourite picnic fare, and enjoy the winter sun in the grounds of Government House. Entry will be by (optional) charitable donation.
The Society has been invited by its patron the Governor to have a table at the Government House Open Day, which will be held in honour of Queen Elizabeth’s 90th birthday. We would like to thank the Governor for the opportunity to share information about RAHS activities with people who attend this event. RAHS Council and staff members will be there on the day looking after the RAHS table so please come over and say hello.
Honorary Fellowship University of Sydney
On Friday last, 13 May 2016, Professor Ian Jack was conferred Honorary Fellowship of the University of Sydney for outstanding service to the University. Ian’s association with the University began in 1961, when he arrived in Australia from Scotland. Ian is currently Senior Fellow at St Andrew’s College, University of Sydney.
The nomination was made by St Andrew’s College, University of Sydney and was accepted by the Senate of the University at their most recent meeting. The conferral occurred as part of a graduation ceremony at The Great Hall and the Dean of the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, Professor Barbara Caine AM, made the presentation.
Edward King Cox (1829-1883), grazier, and James Charles Cox (1834-1912), medical practitioner, were the eldest and third sons of Edward Cox, M.L.C., of Fernhill, Mulgoa, and his wife Jane Maria, daughter of Richard Brooks, and grandsons of William Cox. Both were born at Mulgoa, Edward on 28 June 1829 and James on 21 July 1834. Until James was about 13 the boys lived at Mulgoa and attended the parish school of Rev. Thomas Makinson; in 1847 they went to The King’s School at Parramatta for about three years.
After leaving school Edward lived on his father’s sheep stations at Rawdon, Rylstone, in the Mudgee district, and his leases on the Namoi. In 1852 he accompanied his brother to Europe where he studied sheepbreeding and inspected the principal flocks in England and on the Continent. At Tralee, County Kerry, on 19 May 1855 he married Millicent Ann, daughter of Richard J. L. Standish. Soon afterwards he returned to take charge of his father’s stations.
Edward was an outstanding breeder of stud stock. He inherited his father’s merino stud at Rawdon, Rylstone, and by careful breeding won world renown as ‘the great improver of the Australian Merino’. He won awards in many countries for his wool, particularly the grand prize at the Exposition Universelle in Paris in 1878. Edward brought together at Fernhill, Mulgoa, his stud Shorthorn cattle and thoroughbred horses in 1868. His chief sires, Yattendon and Darebin, both won the Sydney Cup; he also imported stud mares from England and bred the Melbourne Cup winners, Chester and Grand Flaneur. In 1873, with John Agar Scarr, Edward was joint editor of The Stud Book of New South Wales.
In July 1874 Henry Parkes appointed Cox to the Legislative Council in the squatting interest, although he was ‘as yet an untried man in public life’. Because of arthritis and a trip to England he was never active in politics. He died on 25 July 1883 at Mulgoa, survived by his widow, who died on 11 March 1902 aged 70, five sons who followed his pastoral interests, and a daughter Mary, who in September 1881 married John Archibald Anderson, a grazier, of Newstead, Inverell. Cox’s estate was valued at £95,572. His home, Fernhill, still stands, a fine example of Georgian architecture, built by his father in 1840 of local sandstone.
As a child in the bush around Mulgoa James had played with Aboriginal children from whom he learnt the lore of native birds and animals. He showed such interest in natural history that his father determined to make him a doctor and apprenticed him for three years to Henry Grattan Douglass at a fee of 300 guineas. At the Sydney Infirmary he learnt dispensing, acted as a clinical clerk, assisted at post mortems and in 1852 witnessed an early operation performed under chloroform. In his last year of apprenticeship he became assistant to Professor John Smith, who had just begun chemistry lectures at the University of Sydney in what became the Sydney Grammar School. Cox also made himself useful in setting up the museum next door. He then continued his studies at Edinburgh (M.D., 1857; F.R.C.S., 1858) and returned to New South Wales where he registered as a medical practitioner on 1 February 1859.
Through his social, government and vice-regal connexions Cox enjoyed a very extensive private practice. He became recognized as a leading physician in Sydney and was for many years medical adviser to the Australian Mutual Provident Society. In 1875 he joined other prominent doctors in defending their profession against his former tutor, Professor Smith, who as dean of the Sydney medical faculty had allegedly reflected on the skill, qualifications and sobriety of colonial medical practitioners.
Cox’s contributions to medical education began at the Sydney Infirmary where he was honorary physician in 1862-72, honorary surgeon in 1877-79 and honorary consulting physician in 1873-76 and 1880-1911. His attempts to effect some reform in the technical management of the hospital were at first frustrated, and the pharmacopoeia he compiled in 1870, based largely on London editions, was not accepted till the late 1870s. But his services to Sydney Hospital were remembered in the dedication of Frederick Watson’s The History of the Sydney Hospital from 1811 to 1911 (Sydney, 1911), as one ‘who, for sixty-one years, has watched and assisted [in its development] as student, hon. physician, hon. surgeon, hon. consulting physician and director’. In 1883-1901 Cox lectured at the University of Sydney on medical principles and practice and was an honorary physician at Prince Alfred Hospital in 1889-1901. A student later recalled ‘the noble old face, with its gentle and courtly expression, the well-known stoop, the slightly bowed legs, the soft elastic-sided boots of French kid, and the dentures that never quite fitted … His great kindness of heart, his hatred of anything mean, and his extreme care in avoiding any possible hurt to anyone’s feelings, endeared him to everyone’. He was particularly remembered by final year students for his annual picnics at Newport or the Spit.
Cox retained his early love of natural history all his life. On his return from Britain in 1859 he was elected a fellow of the Royal Society of New South Wales (then the Philosophical Society). He was first president in 1862 and long a member of the New South Wales Board of Fisheries, and a trustee of the Sydney Museum, to which he left his collection of Australian land shells. He was first secretary of the Entomological Society formed in 1862 and, after it became the Linnean Society of New South Wales in 1874, was its president in 1881-82; in 1868 he had been elected a fellow of the Linnean Society of London. His contributions to the journals of these societies were mainly on the conchology of Australia and the South Sea islands, but he also wrote on such subjects as the government regulation of oyster beds, and Aboriginal drawings, wax figures and stone implements. Among his works of reference published in Sydney were Catalogue of the Specimens of the Australian Land Shells (1864), A Monograph of Australian Land Shells (1868), An Alphabetical List of the Fishes Protected Under the Fisheries Act of 1902 (1905), and an Alphabetical List of Australian Land Shells (1909).
As a member of an old colonial family Cox took an antiquarian’s interest in Australian history. He was first president of the Australasian Pioneers’ Club, a member of the Australian Club for over fifty years, and a founder of the Historical Society in 1901. Although an obituarist in the Sydney Morning Herald considered him ‘very reticent in regard to himself’ and reluctant to write his autobiography, he was always good company at the leading Sydney clubs where his after-dinner speeches recalled early colonial days and the exploits of his family.
In Scotland on 29 September 1858 Cox married Margaret Wharton, daughter of John Maclellan, a merchant of Greenock, and his wife Jane, née Wharton. Of their four sons, James Wharton (1859-1911) and Allaster Edward (1864-1908) graduated in medicine at Edinburgh; Arthur Brooks (1866-1924) studied in London (M.R.C.S., 1890) and practised in Sydney as a dentist; the eldest of their six daughters, Millicent, married in 1890 Montague Peregrine Albemarle Bertie (twelfth Earl of Lindsey), who had been aide-de-camp to the governor, Lord Carrington, in 1885-88. Cox’s wife died on 21 February 1876 aged 36, and on 18 March 1878 he married Mary Frances, daughter of Dr William Benson, a medical practitioner in Hobart, and his wife Louisa Frances, née Lakeland; she died childless at 52 on 1 October 1902. Soon afterwards Cox married a widow, Emma, whose first husband was a grandson of John George Gibbes; they had one daughter. Cox died at his home in Mosman, Sydney, on 29 September 1912 and was buried in the family grave at Mulgoa.
Two portraits of J. C. Cox, one by Herbert Beecroft, are in the Australasian Pioneers’ Club.
Source: Australian Dictionary of Biography, http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/cox-edward-king-3278, accessed 14 April 2016.
The Dabee Aboriginal Travelling Exhibition will be on display between 10am and 4pm daily on the 14th, 15th & 16th April 2016 in the Bridge View Inn, everyone is welcome to attend.
The exhibition was put together by North East Wiradjuri Co and Kandos Historical Society, and designed by Lyn Syme, Kevin Williams, Wendy Lewis and Ed Windle.
Through 10 display panels and a number of other artefacts including a facsimile of Jimmy Lambert’s breastplate and Peggy Lambert’s Queen sash, the last identified apical ancestors of the Dabee people of the Kandos area.
The display was two years in the making and features panels telling the story of the changes European settlement brought to the Aboriginal people, with a focus on local stories such as those of Jimmy and Peggy Lambert – the last identified apical ancestors of the Dabee people of the Kandos area.
The exhibition was funded initially by a native title agreement with Moolarben Coal which includes an amount designated for cultural activities and subsequently by dollar-for-dollar funding from the NSW Office of Environment and Heritage.
In June 2015, the exhibition was held at the Kandos RSL & Community Club and was officially opened by Djon Mundine OAM, an Aboriginal curator, writer, artist, and activist, and member of the Bundjalung people of Northern NSW.
Since June the exhibition has travelled to several locations in NSW including the far south coast of the state.
Constance Moulds (1897-1972), trotting trainer, was born on 14 February 1897 at Rylstone, New South Wales, daughter of London-born Dudley Joseph Stephens, mounted-police constable, and his Victorian wife Mary Eleanor, née Calvert. In 1908 the family moved to Rouse Hill and on leaving school Connie worked as a clerk. On 17 May 1919 she married George Francis Moulds, butcher, at Christ Church, Rouse Hill. Her only child Lawrence was born in 1923.
By 1922 George was a smallgoods man at Riverstone and from 1925 a fruiterer. Although he suffered from spinal arthritis, they began to train trotters after the purchase of Tiny Loche for £30; the mare won her first three starts (which carried total prize money of six guineas) and later established a family of winners. Constance trained the horses full time, sometimes for other owners.
After winning open events against all-comers at shows, in 1924 Mrs Moulds was granted by the New South Wales Trotting Club a trainer-driver licence to compete at registered meetings outside the metropolitan area. She was the only woman granted such a licence in New South Wales although there were women drivers in other States. At Richmond on 10 June she rode Chester in a rough race and finished second. A fortnight later at Menangle, she had weighed in when she was notified that she could not compete. The stewards later said that men might be inhibited by chivalry from protesting against interference by women drivers. Thereafter her racing was confined to events restricted to women. This action set back the cause for women’s participation in registered trotting in New South Wales for many years.
By the early 1930s the Moulds had about twelve horses in constant work. After George was killed on the Windsor Road while driving Charming Ribbons in 1932, Mrs Moulds was ‘granted permission’ to continue training but kept only one pacer, Robert Loche, a winner on provincial tracks and at Victoria Park, and used him to pass on her knowledge and training expertise to her son Lawrie, who became a leading reinsman.
In the 1940s she twice rescued a nondescript gelding, Machine Wood, from the knackery. Her kindness and gentle training were rewarded when the gelding gave Lawrie his first win at Harold Park in 1944. At the inaugural night-trotting meeting at Harold Park on 1 October 1949 Machine Wood won the New Zealand Handicap. She was soon frustrated when ordered to transfer her horses to a man before they could compete at Harold Park; so, many of her entries appeared under Lawrie’s name. Nonetheless Constance Moulds was largely responsible for training Van’s Dream and Miss Josephine, winner of the Tom Austin Cup at Richmond.
At trotting meetings, her dumpy little figure was conspicuous in wide-brimmed hat and jodhpurs—she was rarely seen in a dress. She was affectionately known as ‘the little mother’ for her sympathy and practical help. Survived by her son, Constance Moulds died at Blackheath on 27 September 1972 and was buried in the Anglican cemetery at Rouse Hill.
Source: Australian Dictionary of Biography, ‘Moulds, Constance (1897-1972)’, http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/moulds-constance-7671, accessed 2 April 2016.
Image: Australian Harness Racing, ‘Women in Harness Racing’, http://www.harness.org.au/hra/awards/2010/WomeninHarnessRacing.pdf, accessed 2 April 2016.
Rylstone doctor Jack Farrar was one of 100 Australian doctors who answered the plea from British War Secretary Lord Kitchener for help to bolster the war effort in 1915. More than 100 years after he enlisted Jack’s story has inspired a 560 page account of the lives of his colleagues who would become known as Kitchener’s One Hundred.
Lina Stunden never imagined a volunteer shift at the Rylstone Historical Society would lead her on a six-year investigation into the lives of a group of otherwise forgotten Australian trained doctors and surgeons who served in the First World War.
“I joined [the Rylstone Historical Society] and asked if anyone was writing a book on WW1, no one was and they were happy for me to begin but then I got sidetracked by John William Farrar or Jack as he was known,” Lina said.
The son of publicans and farmers, Jack was fresh out of Sydney Medical School when he enlisted as a doctor on a hospital ship in the Pacific in 1914.
A year later he re-enlisted with 99 other young doctors, among them doctor Robert Burnside Carter, who settled in Mudgee following the war. The men, most of whom were in their early twenties, were dispersed across the European front.
“Most of them were in their final months of university study and the British wanted single young men because they were seen as expendable,” Lina said.
Lina discovered the British attitude toward the group was one of disdain.
“There were accounts that they were made to fill potholes and build toilet blocks with their fine surgeon’s hands,” she said.
“Kitchener’s 100 were regarded as only temporary officers and colonial and looked down upon, their records were destroyed after WW1.”
It was then a painstaking process to find living relatives on Facebook and in the White Pages.
“The whole process was great because I had no idea that I would uncover the lives of these amazing men and their families,” Lina said.
“They all had very interesting ancestries. I later found out that I was related to one of them.”
Of the remaining family members she did contact, Lina said very few knew of their relative’s service.
“Nearly all of the remaining family members said their fathers didn’t talk about war,” she said.
Sadly she discovered that seven of 100 were killed in battle, three committed suicide not long after the war and two more later in life.
She said reading about the horror they faced gave her strength to pursue the book and matters in her personal life.
“I loved it, I have a child with cerebral palsy and the process of writing the book has helped buck me up when I felt a bit down and read about courageous people like that and what they went through,” Lina said.
Lina’s book Kitchener’s One Hundred is available online at australiandoctorsww1.com
Source: Mudgee Guardian, news article, http://www.mudgeeguardian.com.au/story/3697523/rylstone-doctors-story-inspires-book-kitcheners-one-hundred-tells-story-of-wwi-medicos/, accessed 31 March 2016.
A headstone has been damaged beyond repair after trespassers attempted to drag it from Rylstone Cemetery with a car.
Mudgee police said the senseless act of vandalism occurred some time between Wednesday, February 17 and Friday, February 19 at the cemetery on Narango Road.
“These offender/s have wrapped a chain around the headstone and using a vehicle have pulled the headstone forward a short distance causing damage to it,” police posted to their Facebook page.
“The headstone weighs almost one tonne so it would be expected a large vehicle such as a four wheel drive or small truck was used. This senseless action has caused the coffin to be partly exposed.”
Police said the damaged headstone cannot be fixed and is valued at $2800.
“Police have to attend and deal with all types of incidents in the course of their duties, some of which could be called pretty low. But this can only be described as disgusting – one of the lowest acts many of us have ever seen.”
Followers of the Mudgee LAC Facebook page were disgusted.
One woman wrote: “This is really upsetting. To vandalise someone’s final resting place is lower than low. What saddens me is that this is what the world’s come to.”
Another said: “Beyond words. This is lower than a low life, how sad a person could even think to do such a thing, let alone do it.”
Others said: “Beyond words…. Absolutely awful”, “Disgraceful and disrespectful”, “So horrible have some respect”.
Many called for CCTV to be installed at the cemetery.
Anyone with information about the crime is urged to contact Mudgee police on 63728599 or Crime Stoppers on 1800 333 000.
Source: Mudgee Guardian, news article, http://www.mudgeeguardian.com.au/story/3801876/vandals-attempt-to-pull-headstone-away-with-car-at-rylstone-cemetery/?cs=1233, accessed 23 March 2016.
Ruth Beatrice FAIRFAX (1878-1948), a founder of the Country Women’s Association, was born on 8 October 1878, at Lue, near Rylstone, New South Wales, second surviving daughter of native-born parents Vincent James DOWLING, and his wife Frances Emily, daughter of T. C. BREILLAT. She was mainly educated by governesses at Lue and briefly attended the Sydney Church of England Grammar School for Girls under Miss BADHAM. On 2 February 1899 at the Anglican Church, Dungarey, near Rylstone, she married John Hubert Fraser FAIRFAX (1872-1950).
The Fairfaxes went to live at Dalmore station near Longreach, Queensland, where she loved the outdoor life. In 1908 they moved to Marinya, near Cambooya on the Darling Downs, where their only child was born in 1909. While at Marinya, Ruth FAIRFAX regularly taught in the Sunday School and supported the Bush Brotherhood and other Anglican organizations. For her local war work she was awarded the Belgian Medal ‘de la Reine Elizabeth’.
At a meeting at the Albert Hall, Brisbane, in August 1922, Mrs FAIRFAX was appointed first State president of the Queensland Country Women’s Association, which was to prove ‘her heart’s great love’. She embarked on a strenuous six months tour in an open car of outback Queensland, organizing branches and holding some meetings on the banks of creeks. In 1926 she resigned as president of the southern division but remained as State president until 1931; she was appointed a justice of the peace in 1927.
The Fairfaxes visited England from March 1929 to December 1930. Ruth attended many gatherings of the similar Women’s Institutes and represented Australia at the International Conference of Rural Women’s Organizations in London in 1929, and on the Liaison Committee of Rural Women’s and Homemakers’ Organisations.
On their return to Australia the Fairfaxes lived in Sydney, at Elaine, on Seven Shillings Beach, Double Bay, that Hubert had bought from the estate of his uncle Geoffrey FAIRFAX. Ruth continued to work for the C.W.A. as New South Wales State secretary until 1946, a vice-president from 1934 of Associated Country Women of the World and as co-editor with Dorothy CATTS of the Countrywoman in New South Wales. As well she served on the boards of the Adult Deaf and Dumb Society of New South Wales and St Luke’s Hospital, Darlinghurst, and on the State executive and general council of the Girl Guides’ Association; she was a life governor of the Benevolent Society of New South Wales, a trustee of the Public Library of New South Wales from 1937 and chairman of the council of the Australian Board of Missions. In June 1935 she was appointed O.B.E.
Ruth FAIRFAX loved music and her gardens at Marinya, Elaine and Wanawong. She enjoyed entertaining and often lent Elaine for fêtes, pageants, meetings and entertainments for patriotic and charitable causes. Among her many activities during World War II, she helped to provide sheepskin vests and other comforts for the Australian Comforts Fund. Her friends remarked on ‘her deft, capable hands’. Her ‘dark brown eyes were strong and friendly, her gait was busy and purposeful; her voice and ready laughter made her presence cheerful and dynamic’. A diabetic for many years, Ruth FAIRFAX died from chronic nephritis in St Luke’s Hospital on 1 February 1948 and was cremated with Anglican rites.
Her husband, always known as Hubert, was born on 11 May 1872 at Trahlee, Bellevue Hill, Sydney, fifth son of (Sir) James Reading FAIRFAX and his wife Lucy, née Armstrong. He was educated at Sydney Grammar School and Bath College, England, then returned to Australia and joined Dalgety & Co. Ltd. After practical experience under his future father-in-law at Lue, he bought Dalmore station in Queensland in 1897 and Marinya in 1908. He bred Ayrshire cattle and Corriedale sheep, which he successfully exhibited, and later often acted as judge at Australian shows. He was sometime president of the Ayrshire Association of Queensland, the Australian Corriedale Sheepbreeders’ Association, the New South Wales Sheepbreeders’ Association and a vice-president of the Royal Agricultural Society of New South Wales.
After he returned to Sydney in 1931 he bought Wanawong, 70 acres (28 ha) at Castle Hill. He was a director of John Fairfax & Sons Ltd in 1931-45, the Bank of New South Wales in 1932-50, the Australian Mutual Provident Society (1932-48), the Royal Insurance Co. and the Walter and Eliza HALL Trust. He was also president of the Young Men’s Christian Association from 1935, of the Boys’ Brigade from 1945, and of the Australian Air League and a council-member of the British Empire Society and was involved with the Legacy Club of Sydney.
FAIRFAX was a keen golfer and a member of the Oriental Club, London, and of the Union and Australasian Pioneers’ clubs, Sydney. He died in St Luke’s Hospital on 10 June 1950 and was cremated with Anglican rites. He was survived by their son (Sir) Vincent.
Source: Australian Dictionary of Biography, http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/fairfax-ruth-beatrice-6134, accessed 4 March 2016.
Image: Ruth Beatrice FAIRFAX OBE, Queensland Country Women’s Association, http://qcwa.org.au/page.php?About-About-our-founder-Ruth-Fairfax-36, accessed 4 March 2016.